Updated: Dec 31, 2022
Audio engineering is a broad field that encompasses a variety of subfields, each with its own set of skills and techniques.
Some of the most common subfields in audio engineering include:
This subfield involves capturing audio using microphones and recording equipment. Audio engineers who specialize in recording may work in a variety of settings, including recording studios, live venues, and on-location.
Mixing involves combining multiple audio tracks into a single cohesive whole. Audio engineers who specialize in mixing use a variety of techniques, such as equalization, compression, and reverb, to shape the sound of the final mix.
Mastering is the final step in the audio engineering process. It involves taking the mixed audio and applying a series of processing techniques to make it sound as good as possible on a variety of playback systems.
Live sound engineering involves setting up and operating audio equipment at live events, such as concerts, festivals, and theatre productions. Live sound engineers must have a strong understanding of sound reinforcement and be able to troubleshoot problems on the fly.
This subfield involves working on audio for film, television, and video games. Audio engineers who specialize in post-production may work on dialogue editing, sound design, and mixing for these mediums.
Music production involves creating and recording music in a studio setting. Audio engineers who specialize in music production may work with artists to create and shape the sound of their recordings.
Radio and podcast production:
Audio engineers who specialize in radio and podcast production may work on creating and recording audio content for broadcast or online distribution. This may involve setting up and operating recording equipment, as well as editing and mixing audio.
Sound design involves creating and manipulating audio for use in a variety of media, including film, television, and video games. Audio engineers who specialize in sound design using a variety of techniques to create and shape sound effects, ambiance, and other audio elements.
Overall, the subfields of audio engineering are diverse and varied, and audio engineers may specialize in one or more of these areas depending on their interests and skills.