Condenser microphones are a type of microphone that uses a thin, flexible diaphragm to produce an electrical charge. They are also known as "capacitor microphones" or "electrostatic microphones." Condenser microphones are known for their sensitivity and accuracy, making them a popular choice in recording studios and other controlled environments where precise sound capture is important. They are often used to record vocals, instruments, and other sources of sound in music production, as well as in film and television production, voiceover work, and other applications.
Condenser microphones work by using a charged diaphragm, which is made of a thin, flexible material such as metal or plastic, to convert sound waves into an electrical charge. When sound waves hit the diaphragm, it vibrates and causes a change in the electrical charge on the diaphragm. This change in charge is then converted into an electrical current by an electrical circuit in the microphone.
Condenser microphones are generally more expensive than dynamic microphones, due in part to the precision required in their manufacture. They are also more fragile and require external power, either through a battery or an external phantom power supply, to operate.
Despite these limitations, condenser microphones are widely used in many different applications due to their high sensitivity and accuracy. They are an essential tool in many recording studios and are also used in live performances, voiceover work, and other applications where high-quality sound capture is important.